Burn Awareness Week – What Should You Know?
February 3-9 is National Burn Awareness Week, this year’s theme is Be Burn Aware, focusing on teaching children safety tips that will help keep them safe from burn injuries, especially at home.
So what do you need to know about burn awareness and treatment? Children’s skin is thinner than older children and adults and their skin burns at lower temperatures more deeply, making them susceptible to harsher burn with long term affects. Scald burns are among the most common types of burns. According to www.safekids.org:
- A scald is a burn from hot liquid or steam
- Every day, 352 children ages 19 and under are injured as a result of a fire or burn-related cause
- Among children under 5 years of age, scalds or contact burns are responsible for 90 percent of burn injuries
- The most common places children experience scalds are in the kitchen or dining rooms and in the bathrooms
So what should you do if a child is burned to effectively treat them?
- Cool the burned are with cool running water for several minutes. Do not use ice to cool a burn, it can cause frostbite very quickly because the skin is already damaged
- Call 9-1-1 if there is charring (blackened skin) or blistering (bubbles on the skin). Don’t be afraid to call 9-1-1 if you believe this is an emergency.
What should you be ready to tell 9-1-1?
- Where you are currently located- giving exact directions to arrive at and enter the location
- Who has been burned- name, age, level of injury and any medical history which may impact treatment
- Who you are and what your relationship is to the injured person or child
- Minor burns can be treated with a topical burn ointment or spray to reduce pain. No not apply butter or oil to any burn, the oils will trap heat and make the burn deeper over time
While you can never anticipate a burn, it is important to always have a plan in place for unexpected emergencies. Knowing details on your location and the individuals involved will be vital for 9-1-1 to be able to send the correct help quickly. Having these details in your Smart911 Safety Profile can save time, and can provide peace of mind.